english version

01-11-2018

27-02-2006

wersja polska


Stefania Frasz-Wajszczuk (0062)

Trembowla - Nazareth


Stefania Frasz – wife of Zbigniew Ireneusz (“Zbyszek”, “Ireneo”) Wajszczuk - was born in 1923 in the county of Janowiec in the Poznan voivodship and at the age of one year moved with her family to Trembowla (south-eastern part of Poland before the war - currently in Ukraine). Her mother died, when Stefania was 6 years old and her father remarried one year later. Stefania's father was a policeman and as such, after Soviet invasion on September 17, 1939, was arrested, deported and jailed somewhere in the Soviet Union already early in the autumn of 1939 (see - files of the KARTA Information Center). Stefania and her stepmother were deported on April 13, 1940 to Kazakhstan. The trip by rail in a cattle car lasted over one month. They were placed in a "sovchoz" (soviet government farm) "Bolshevik" in the Kokpekti county, Semipalatinsk (currently Semej) region along the eastern edge of Kazakhstan, near Karagand. They were housed in mud huts without doors or windows, heavily infested with lice, flees and bed-bugs. After the July 1941 Polish-Soviet agreement, and "amnesty", they were released from this labor camp and embarked on a trip to Jangijul, (which is located at the southern edge of Kazakhstan - near Tashkent in Uzbekistan), where the newly-formed Polish Army was stationed. They travelled via Ust-Kamenogorsk (on the river Irtysh). In Jangijul, they were successful in finding Stefania's father, who was also released. After a short stay in Jangijul they were transferred with the Army to Krasnovodsk (now Turkmenbashi in Turkmenistan) and by boat across the Caspian Sea, arrived to Pahlevi (currently Bandar-e Anzali) in Iran and then to Teheran. Stefania and her father joined the Polish Army in May 1943 in Teheran and then through Iran, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria arrived in Palestine. In Nazareth Stefania enrolled in the "School of Junior Volunteers" (a high school program) and on May 20, 1947 was awarded a graduation certificate, which was handed to her by General Wladyslaw Anders, at that time the Commander in Chief of the Polish Armed Forces in the East. In 1947 the family arrived in England, where Stefania and Zbyszek met in Foxley and got married in July of 1948. Stefania's father and his wife, (also Stefania) left for Argentina later in 1948 - he died there in 1974. Zbyszek's and his wife, Stefania's travel was delayed, but they finally arrived in Argentina in 1951. The son Adam (0063) was born while still in England and the daughter Ewa (0068) shortly after arriving in Argentina in 1951.

Terebovlia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terebovlia

Terebovlia (Ukrainian: Теребовля, Polish: Trembowla) is a small city in the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, and the administrative center of the Terebovlya Raion (district). It is an ancient settlement that traces its roots to the settlement of Terebovl which existed in Kievan Rus. The name may also be variously transliterated as Terebovlya / Terebovla / Terebovlja.[1]

The population as of the 2001 census was 13,661; in 2012 there were 13,796 residents.[2] In 1913 the city counted 10,000 residents, of which 4,000 were Poles, 3,200 were Rusyns (Ruthenians) and 2,800 were Jews. In 1929 there were 7,015 people, mostly Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish. Until September 17, 1939, the day of the Soviet invasion of Poland, Trembowla was a county seat within the Tarnopol Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. Prior to the Holocaust, the city was home to 1,486 Jews, and most of them (around 1,100) were shot by Germans in the nearby village of Plebanivka on April 7, 1943.

Terebovlia's Castle (17th century)
http://tic.terebovlia.info/interested_place/terebovlia-s-castle-17th-century/?lang=en

 “History of Terebovlia’s fortifications reaches to the roots in the days of wars between princes, when Terebovlia, the capital town of principality, was in hands of the descendant of large prince Yaroslav the Wise – kniaz (prince) Wasylko Rostyslavych. Already then on Castle Hill was founded the Town in the triangle form, that from the East was protected by ramparts, remnants of which today can be found on the Castle Hill area.

So in 1341, after the transition of Terebovlia under Polish rule in the southern part of Castle Hill laid the foundation stone for future defenses. Then the rock was carved in the well depth of about 45m (late 17th cen. was covered and not functioning to the 19th century. However, this fortification Casimir the Great stand until the end of the XIV century, later was destroyed and burned.

Modern appearance of Terebovlia’s castle came in the days of Captain Alexander Balaban. The reason for building a strong fortress in Terebovlia were frequent Tatar raids (about 15 times a year), in which the number of residents decreased by half. The building of the new castle was finished in 1632-33 years, it costed 9 thousand zł.”

1939 Invasions of Poland

Ribbentrop-Molotow pact dividing Poland, signed in August 1939. German-Soviet border drawn-out in the aftermath of the Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland, signed in Moscow by Stalin and Ribbentrop during the Second Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact known as the Frontier Treaty of September 28, 1939. Southern part of these territories were incorporated into The Generalgouvernement portion of the German-occupied Poland. (see below) after German invasion on the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 (Barbarossa Operation) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov%E2%80%93Ribbentrop_Pact

TREMBOWLA – Its location (in the south-eastern corner) is shown on the map of Poland.

1939, September 1 Wstecz/Back


Temporary borders created by advancing German and Soviet troops.
The border was soon readjusted following diplomatic agreements

 

Wstecz/Back 1939, September 17

 

General Gouvernement


Sectors of prewar Poland under the Nazi German occupational authority

Stefania’s “war travels”- (Trembowla Wstecz/Back Kokpekti; Kokpekti Wstecz/Back Nazareth


From Krasnovodsk (Turkmenbashi) to Pahlevi (Bandar-e Anzali) – by ship, across the Caspian Sea


Contemporary map of Kazakhstan


Kokpekti District (red)

Kokpekti (Kazakh: Kökpekti awdanı) - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kokpekti_District is a district of East Kazakhstan Region in eastern Kazakhstan. The administrative center of the district is the selo of Kokpekti.[2] Population: 32,069 (2013 estimate);[1] 34,679 (2009 Census results);[3] 45,746 (1999 Census results).[3]


Currently – still the “Bolshevik” farm in Kokpekti, near Irtysh River and Lake Zaysan

Crossing Siberia map – Kokpekti is approximately half-way between Warsaw and Vladivostok
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRQRTk9CLpo - Warsaw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esJ_l1b_Ni0 - Warsaw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHoSiUzTB78 - Vladivostok


Kazakhstan – contemporary railroad network



Western Europe to Mongolia and China by rail


Wincenty Frasz, “Stenia’s” father – record of imprisonment in the Soviet Union



See also - http://www.wajszczuk.pl/english/drzewo/tekst/0062zbigniew.htm


Prepared by: Waldemar J Wajszczuk & Paweł Stefaniuk 2018
e-mail: wwajszczuk@comcast.net